Vertigo is a common symptom that can occur after a head injury. It is characterized by a sensation of spinning or whirling and can result from various factors, such as inner ear problems, medication side effects, or brain injury. Seeking medical attention is crucial if you experience vertigo after a head injury since it could be indicative of a severe condition.
The treatment for vertigo after a head injury depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, the symptoms will disappear on their own without specific treatment. However, in more severe cases, addressing the symptoms and underlying issues might require treatment.
One of the first steps to treat vertigo after a head injury is to rest and stay hydrated. Resting helps the body recover from the injury, while hydration prevents dehydration that could worsen the vertigo symptoms. It is essential to avoid activities that might worsen your symptoms, such as physical exertion or excessive head movement.
Several medications can help alleviate the symptoms and reduce the risk of falls or accidents. These include antihistamines, benzodiazepines, antiemetics, and steroids. It is critical to note that medication should be taken under the guidance of a healthcare professional since some might have side effects or interact with other medications.
Vestibular rehabilitation is a therapy that can help improve balance and reduce vertigo symptoms. This therapy is often used to treat vertigo caused by inner ear problems, such as a vestibular schwannoma. It involves exercises designed to help the brain compensate for the inner ear dysfunction, such as eye exercises, balance training, and habituation exercises.
In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to treat vertigo after a head injury. This is typically the case if the vertigo is caused by a structural problem in the inner ear, such as a vestibular schwannoma or a perilymph fistula. Surgery may involve repairing the damage to the inner ear or removing a tumor.
Aside from medical treatments, lifestyle changes can help reduce vertigo symptoms, such as avoiding alcohol and caffeine, getting enough sleep, and managing stress. Stress can exacerbate vertigo symptoms, so finding ways to manage stress, such as relaxation techniques or therapy, is important.